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What are Terpenes and Trichomes?

Terpenes (Terps) explanation:

Terpenes are naturally occurring large groups of unsaturated hydrocarbons found in plants and their essential oils.

They are also responsible for the aromatic profile and flavors produced by Cannabis - and in our products.

Terpenes come in different forms, but monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are mainly found in Cannabis; which provide the unique aromas, flavors and effects of different strains. Here is a quick overview of the 2 different types of terpenes:

Cannabis Monoterpene Example: “The a-pinene and b-pinene terpenes inhibits the activity of acetylcholinesterase (reducing nerve excitement) in the brain. Therefore, it is claimed to aid memory and minimize cognitive dysfunction induced by THC intoxication” (NCBI Article - Sect. 4.1)

Cannabis Sesquiterpenes Example: “B-Caryophyllene, a spice (pepper) aroma, is the most available sesquiterpenoid in cannabis plants and extracts...It is also responsible for the cannabis anti-inflammatory effects. This sesquiterpene is also proven to give gastroprotective, analgesic, anti cancerogenic, antifungal, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, antioxidant, anxiolytic, analgesic, and neuroprotective effects.” (NCBI Article - Sect. 4.2)

Terpenes + Cannabinoids produce their own unique entourage effects that vary by strain. This is additional to entourage effects that may be produced by the combination of different cannabinoids, so an in-depth knowledge of both terpene profiles and cannabinoid makeups will help you determine your best route to desired effects. You can begin to start identifying what terpenes work best for you, and search for strains with similar terpene profiles.